|Trail Highlights:||Mountain, lake, and creek views; waterfalls; wildflowers; old-growth forest; historic context
|Round-trip Distance:||7.00 miles / 11.30 km (Elliot Creek Loop)
10.40 miles / 16.70 km (Elliot Creek and Goat Lake)
|Location:||Henry M. Jackson Wilderness and Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest,
Mountain Loop Highway / Sauk Valley, Washington North Cascades
Ancestral lands of the Sauk-Suiattle and Skagit
|Directions:||From State Route 92 in Granite Falls, Washington, turn left onto the Mountain Loop Highway
Proceed 30.10 miles / 48.40 km to the fork and end of pavement at Barlow Pass
Take the left fork, signed for "Darrington"
Proceed 3.50 miles / 5.60 km
Turn right onto Forest Service Road 4080, signed for "Elliot Creek and Goat Lake"
Proceed 0.80 miles / 1.30 km to the parking lot at the end of the road
|Required Pass:||Northwest Forest Pass or equivalent for U.S. Forest Service sites
|Additional Trail Info:||Washington Trails Association
U.S. Forest Service
Northwest Waterfall Survey
Cadet Peak’s mirrored image forms a fantastic backdrop to Goat Lake.
Goat Lake Trail, July 06, 2013.
The trails along Elliot Creek (spelt “Elliott” on some maps) to Goat Lake offer much to commend themselves: delicate, yet striking deciduous forest, a large grove of old-growth conifers approaching the size of redwoods, a series of thundering waterfalls, a jewel-hued lake set against a snowy peak, and a bit of local history. During the summer, an array of shade-loving wildflowers and ferns abounds throughout the forested trailside. In the lake basin’s sunny clearings, the demure woodland blooms give way to showy displays of their more exuberant floral neighbors.
Approximately 0.25 miles/0.40 km from the trailhead, the trail forks into the Upper and Lower Elliot trails, which rejoin approximately 3.50 miles/5.60 km from the trailhead and continue on as the Goat Lake Trail. The Upper Elliot Trail follows an old mining road and is thus broad and flat with little incline. The Lower Elliot Trail drops down to Elliot Creek, which it follows a bit before climbing to rejoin its counterpart. Each trail is worth exploring and hikers often take one trail on the way to Goat Lake and the other on the return. Those wishing a shorter, tranquil stroll through deep alder forest may hike the Upper and Lower Elliot trails as a loop.
The lake is a popular, yet not crowded, weekend hiking and camping destination. Expect to encounter others scattered along the lakeside or, perhaps, visit on a week day for a little more solitude.
Goat Lake is named in English for the mountain goats that can sometimes be seen on the surrounding peaks, although its historic Native American Sauk-Suiattle name is “Sweetleehachu.” The mountain goats are culturally significant to the Sauk-Suiattle and, in former times, were important sources of food and clothing to them.
Slender, arched trunks of red alder (Alnus rubra) form airy corridors about the Upper and Lower Elliot trails. Cousin of the birch, the red alder is clad in similarly smooth, white bark speckled with grey and black. It takes its name from the bright red color its inner bark turns when wounded, similar to the oxidation of an apple when cut. Upper Elliot Trail, July 12, 2014.
The Lower Elliot Trail skirts Elliot Creek’s tumbling, boulder-strewn waters for approximately 1.00 mile/1.60 km before climbing to rejoin the Upper Elliot Trail. Fed by glacial meltwater from the peaks surrounding Goat Lake, the creek maintains its whitewater rush throughout the summer.
Lower Elliot Trail, July 12, 2014.
Both the Upper and Lower Elliot trails duck beneath reposing giants, which are passed with little effort by stooping or straddling. Lower Elliot Trail, July 12, 2014.
Here and there, demure blooms dot the shadowy woodlands, including, first column, pipsissewas, or, western prince’s-pines (Chimaphila umbellata) (top), American twinflowers (Linnaea borealis) (center), and coastal brookfoam (Boykinia occidentalis) (bottom); second column, western bunchberries (Cornus unalaschkensis) (top) and purple foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea) (bottom); third column, Siberian springbeauties (Claytonia sibirica) (top) and sylvan goatsbeards (Aruncus dioicus) (bottom); and fourth column, salal (Gaultheria shallon) (top) and Pacific coralroot orchids (Corallorhiza mertensiana) (bottom). Upper and Lower Elliot trails and Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
Shortly after the Elliot trails converge, the Goat Lake Trail leaves the alder wood behind and enters stately evergreen forest. Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
Massive, old-growth western redcedars (Thuja plicata) abound throughout the conifer woodland along the Goat Lake Trail. Unrelated to true cedars, western redcedars and their kin are actually cypresses misnamed as “cedars” because of their similarly aromatic wood. As cypresses, western redcedars are characterized by broad, buttressed bases – some approaching the girth of redwoods – that taper quickly as they rise. Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
Along the trail, keep an eye out for an old western redcedar (Thuja plicata) that appears to gorge on – or disgorge – a hapless boulder. Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
At approximately 3.80 miles/6.10 km from the trailhead, the trail begins switchbacking along Mackintosh Falls‘ massive stairstepped cascades. The scale and power of the falls thundering just beyond the forest fringe is awe inspiring. Boot paths lead from the main trail to the torrents’ very edge, but exercise caution when approaching the brink. Here, Elliot Creek plunges 266 feet/81 meters over a span of 700 feet/213 meters, although the trail’s long switchbacks provide almost 0.50 miles/0.80 km of intermittent waterfall viewing. Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
Around a long bend in the trail, Goat Lake gradually comes into view in crayon-bright shades somewhere between teal and cerulean. Goat Lake Trail, July 06, 2013.
The trail leads to the tip of a point on the eastern lakeshore that affords a direct view of Cadet Peak. Around 1900, several mines were dug into the peak, which takes its name from the Cadet Mine on its opposite side. The Foggy Mine was bored approximately 1,000 feet/305 meters into the peak’s northeast face, just above the large snowfield at the lower left of the peak in this photo. Nine minerals are known to have been extracted from the Foggy Mine, although none in large quantities.
Goat Lake Trail, July 06, 2013.
The main trail disappears into shoulder-high brush on the point, which includes the rose or Douglas’s spirea (Spiraea douglasii), also aptly known as “hardhack” for the difficulty of cutting through it. Nevertheless, intrepid hikers bushwhack a path of sorts to the shore on the other side of the point. Goat Lake, July 12, 2014.
Hikers continuing around the lake beyond the point should be prepared to encounter brush, including briars and stinging nettles, while traversing steep, uneven terrain and a slippery stream crossing.
Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
Hosts of other summer wildflowers inhabit sunny wayside glades and shoreline meadows, including, top row, left to right, alpine leafybract asters (Symphyotrichum foliaceum), western columbines (Aquilegia formosa), Pacific ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus), and Cascade penstemons, or, Cascade beardtongues (Penstemon serrulatus); center row, left to right, wood roses (Rosa gymnocarpa), oxeye daisies (Leucanthemum vulgare), white rein orchids, white bog orchids, bog candles, or, scent-bottles (Platanthera dilatata), and scarlet paintbrushes (Castilleja miniata); and bottom row, left to right, broadleaf arnicas (Arnica latifolia), cow parsnips (Heracleum maximum a.k.a. Heracleum lanatum), Columbia lilies (Lilium columbianum), and fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium).
Goat Lake Trail, July 12, 2014.
The return trek toward the lake’s outlet and the descending trail beyond provides a placid vista of its own. Goat Lake Trail, July 06, 2013.